Development of the immune system determined during the first months of life
Researchers have determined that the key to healthy immune system development lies in healthy gut bacteria and breast milk.
The development of the immune system is determined in the first months of life, according to a new study. As a result, when the immune system is not functioning properly, the body is more prone to disease later in life. Therefore, strengthening the immune system as much as possible after birth will help ward off disease. And the best ways to boost the immune system are through breast milk and healthy gut bacteria.
Researchers at the Karolinska Institutet, Evolve Biosystems, Inc., the University of California at Davis, the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, and the University of Nevada at Reno have determined that the path to a a healthy immune system involves having healthy gut bacteria as a newborn and consuming breast milk, according to Xpress medical.
The study, published in the journal, Cell, found that by decoding what makes a healthy immune system, it is possible to reduce the risk of “allergies, asthma and autoimmune diseases”, according to News-Medical.net.
This would happen because the immune system would remain stable over time. And that could happen if researchers find a way to determine what properties of gut bacteria and breast milk help maintain a healthy immune system from day one. However, due to the complexity of the gut microbiome, more research is needed to find out how bacteria work to strengthen the immune system.
One explanation the researchers have, according to the study, is how breast milk and gut bacteria interact when babies are breastfed.
Newborns are unable to break down breast milk due to their immature digestive system. But with the help of gut bacteria, HMOs (human milk oligosaccharides) can be easily broken down so that the baby’s digestive system can nourish the system. And the easier for HMOs to be broken down, according to the researchers, the less “inflammation” there is in the intestine, through Xpress medical.
The more breast milk babies consume, the more more bifidobacteria they have it in their systems, according to the study. They were also found to have higher levels of ILA and galectin-1. And when the two work together, breast milk can be turned into nutrition while keeping bacteria in the system from igniting.
This turned out to be the case after the researchers analyzed the blood of more than 200 newborns between 2014 and 2019. It was through the blood sample, according to News-Medical.net, that the researchers discovered the presence of Galectin-1 and what its function was.
The goal now that we have a better understanding of how gut bacteria and breast milk help regulate the immune system is to develop bacteria for babies born with weakened immune systems. By doing this, the risk of developing diseases and illnesses later in life is reduced and there is a distinct possibility of eliminating allergies, asthma, etc., simply by ensuring that the immune system is on. good health from the start.
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Source: Medical Xpress, News-Medical.net, Cell
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