On May 31, No Tobacco Day, Israel Announces 8,000 Deaths Per Year From Tobacco Products | The Jewish Press – JewishPress.com | Press office of the Jewish press | 20 Sivan 5781 – May 31, 2021
Photo credit: Abbi Berkovitz / Flash90
International No-Tobacco Day is celebrated around the world and in Israel on May 31 to raise awareness of the harms of smoking, encourage smoking cessation and protect youth from the tobacco industry.
Each year, approximately 8,000 women and men in Israel die from smoking. The Ministry of Health is leading the implementation of the national plan to reduce smoking and its harms, and in recent years great strides have been made in this area in Israel, both in preventing the onset of smoking and to encourage smoking cessation.
In February 2020, the Department of Health’s Call Center to Stop Smoking began ongoing operations and acted throughout the corona crisis to provide candidates with guidance to help end smoking.
SMOKING DATA DURING CORONA
From May to September 2020, the National Center for Disease Control surveyed the adult population to examine changes in smoking habits following corona plague. The survey found that there was no change in the percentage of smokers: 20% said they smoked and only 0.5% said they had quit since the outbreak of the disease. corona.
Among Israeli smokers, 26.7% said they smoked more since the plague epidemic; on average, an increase of 13 cigarettes per day has been reported.
In addition, 56.9% of respondents who smoked said they had never smoked in the presence of household members, with no difference in results between Jews and Arabs.
SMOKING AMONG TEENAGERS
Data from the 2018-2019 HBSC survey shows that around 15% of students say they smoke cigarettes, compared to around 25% who say they have smoked hookah. It was found that boys reported significantly higher rates than girls on both cigarette and hookah smoking, in all age groups and in both sectors – Jewish and Arab.
There is also a significant downward trend between 1998 and 2019, and smoking and hookah are more common in the Arab sector than in the Jewish sector.
A 2019 Department of Health survey of electronic cigarettes among adolescents found that more than a quarter of adolescents used an electronic cigarette. For a sixth of them, an electronic cigarette was the first smoking experience, sometimes as early as the age of 12, with the perception that an electronic cigarette is “less harmful” as the main reason for use.
The survey also found that a fifth of adolescents smoke and that boys smoke significantly more than girls.
Among smokers, about half smoke tobacco cigarettes from packets, and a similar rate reported using e-cigarettes.
SMOKING IN THE ADULT POPULATION – NATIONAL HEALTH SURVEY
Comprehensive data from the “Israel National Health Survey-4 (INHIS-4)” survey, conducted from December 2018 to March 2020, show that the smoking rate in the general adult population in Israel (21 and over) in 2020 was 20.1%, up from 20% in 2019.
The smoking rate among men is higher than that of women: 25.6% and 14.8%, respectively.
The smoking rate among Arabs is higher than among Jews: 24.4% and 19.1%, respectively.
Smoking rates are lower among those with higher education (17.4%) compared to those with middle and low education (30.1% and 31.6%, respectively).
The smoking rate among men in Israel (25.6%) is higher than the overall average for OECD countries (22.5%).
The smoking rate among women in Israel (14.8%) is slightly higher than the overall average for OECD countries (13.9%).
1.6% of respondents declared using an electronic cigarette and / or IQOS, 2.9% in men and 0.4% in women.
The rate of use among Arabs was higher than the rate among Jews (2.8% and 1.2%, respectively).
The Ministry of Health hotline provides free assistance to quit smoking without the need for a doctor’s referral.
In 2020, the end of tobacco aid provided to Israel was expanded. In HMOs, in addition to group smoking cessation workshops, personal advice can be obtained from a rehabilitation counselor or family doctor. Personalized advice on quitting smoking can also be obtained over the phone, through HMO’s smoking cessation centers or the Department of Health’s smoking cessation call center.
In 2020, alongside the fight against the corona scourge, 26,015 smokers turned to smoking cessation assistance, a decrease of about 10% compared to 2019. The number of candidates for the smoking cessation aid per year is still very low and stands at around 2.5. % of all smokers in Israel.
During the past year, around 2,000 smokers have used the Ministry of Health’s rehabilitation workshop through the ministry’s call center. Every day, around 100 rehabilitation calls are part of the workshops.